Supported classes of LoRaWAN® devices
ThingPark Enterprise supports base stations that work with all Classes of LoRaWAN® devices:
Class A devices: Each uplink transmission from the device is followed by two short receive slots, known as RX1 and RX2 slots. Lowest-power end-device system for applications that require only downlink communication from the server shortly after the end-device has sent an uplink transmission. Downlink communications from the server at any other time will have to wait until the next uplink initiated by the end-device.
Class B devices: To serve these devices, the base station must send regular Beacon signals (every 128 seconds by default) to synchronize end-devices with the LoRaWAN® network. In addition to Class A receive windows, Class B-enabled end-devices open extra receive windows at scheduled times (also known as ping slots). In order for the end-device to open its receive window at a scheduled time, it receives a time-synchronized Beacon from the base station. This allows the Network Server to know when the end-device is listening. When used in a multicast group context, multicast downlinks are transmitted to the group of end-devices according to the selected ping slot period. To learn more, see Multicast group.
Class C devices (Continuously listening): The device can receive downlink frames at any time as long as it is not transmitting an uplink frame. Class C-capable end-devices allow nearly continuously open receive windows, which are closed only when transmitting. Class C-enabled end-devices use more power to operate than Class A or Class-B-enabled, but they offer the lowest latency for communication between servers and end-devices. When used in a multicast group context, multicast downlinks can be transmitted at any time to the group of end-devices. To learn more, see Multicast group.
The following table explains the main characteristics of each class of device and gives examples of use cases that you may need to implement to your IoT network.
|Device Class||Characteristics||Examples of Use Cases|
|Class A (Baseline)|
|Class B (Beacon)|
|Class C (Continuously listening)|
For more details about the devices' bundle that you have purchased, contact your System Integrator.