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Reference information


To launch a simulation, you need to have credit. 1 credit corresponds to the coverage simulation of 1 base station. For instance, if you have 2 credit points left, you can either launch 2 simulations of 1 base station each, or 1 simulation with 2 base stations.

By default, you get 5 free credit points every 90 days. The date of free credit refuel is displayed next to your free credits on the top right of the tool.

You can purchase extra credits. To do so, contact your ThingPark support team. The extra credit purchased can be used at any time, without any validity deadline.

If a simulation fails, the credit points used for the simulation (free and/or purchased credits) are restored.

Device location

There are 4 possible device locations in the tool:

  • Outdoor: devices are located outside buildings.
  • Indoor daylight: devices are located inside buildings but near a window or with only 1 wall between the devices and the outdoor base stations.
  • Deep indoor: devices are located inside buildings with several walls between the devices and the outdoor base stations.
  • Basement: devices are located inside buildings, in a basement or very difficult-to-reach areas.

CSV file for BS list

The CSV input file must contain the following information per base station :

  • LRR-ID: this is a free-text field, you can set the base station ID or its name.
  • Latitude: LoRa antenna latitude in decimal degrees.
  • Longitude: LoRa antenna longitude in decimal degrees.
  • Height above ground: LoRa antenna height above ground in meters.
  • Propagation environment: see Propagation environments.
  • Antenna pattern: you can see the list the supported antenna patterns in the Antenna Pattern page of the user interface. The Antenna_pattern column must be filled with the antenna name as written in the Antenna Pattern tab.
  • Cable losses: total cable losses between the base station and the LoRa antenna, in dB.

Propagation environments

There are 4 propagation environments available :

  • Dense Urban: High building density with more than 6 floors per building, typically in the city center or business districts. Buildings are separated by narrow streets with very limited vegetation.

  • Urban: High density of 4-6 floors buildings, generally located in or near the city centers. Buildings are separated by larger streets than dense urban, but the vegetation is still rather limited.

  • Suburban:
    • 2-4 floors buildings close together, or blocks of 2-3 buildings separated by large streets
    • Industrial zones: Factories, warehouses, garages, shopping centers, airports
    • Residential areas: 1-2 floors houses with garden surrounding cities
  • Rural:
    • Wide area with scattered houses and a lot of agriculture, forests...
    • Village: 1-2 floors houses in rural areas